Gamma Irradiation of Frozen Animal Serum: Dose Mapping for Irradiation Process Validation

by Bart Croonenborghs, Andy Pratt, Lorraine Bone, and Mara Senescu
Volume 15, Issue 3 (Fall 2016)

The treatment of animal serum by gamma irradiation is performed to mitigate the risk of introducing undesired microorganisms (viruses, mollicutes, or other microbes) into a cell culture. Serum manufacturers and end-users utilize irradiation contractors to perform this process. The irradiation process must be validated, which involves establishing the: (A) minimum dose that achieves the required inactivation of the microorganisms of interest; (B) maximum acceptable dose at which the serum still maintains all of its required functional specifications; and (C) process used by the contract irradiator that allows treatment of the serum product within these defined limits. In the present article, we describe the best practices for qualifying the distribution and magnitude of absorbed dose (performance qualification [PQ] dose-mapping) when serum is gamma irradiated. PQ dose-mapping includes the following: (1) documentation of dose distribution characteristics in defined product load configurations for a specified pathway through the irradiator; (2) assessment of the process capability of the defined product load configurations and irradiation pathway for respecting the dose specification for the serum; and (3) development of a method for routine dose monitoring of the irradiation process with the defined product load configurations and the specified irradiation pathway...

Croonenborghs B, Pratt A, Bone L, Senescu M. Gamma irradiation of frozen animal serum: dose mapping for irradiation process validation. BioProcess J, 2016; 15(3): 7–13.

Posted online November 15, 2016.